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Buddhism; Festivals/Holidays/Symbols
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These are practices, rituals, and festivals that Buddhist take part in.

Meditation
Monks pray through meditation- bowing, chanting, and receiving offerings. Meditation leads to the end of suffering. It always people to be more composed and calm and to follow the Buddhist precepts more closely.
 
Purpose of meditation- to improve concentration, calm the mind, and clear it of bad thoughts caused by hatred, greed, or ignorance.
 
To get the full benefit of meditation , an individual needs the right conditions and proper practice. Meditation is a practice for monks, nuns, lay people, and novices.

Chanting Mantras
Chanting mantras help Buddhists to keep in touch with their spiritual nature. The mantra of Avlokiteshvara is Om Mani Padme Hum. This means "Hail, the jewel in the lotus." When you recite this phrase you will be saved from all dangers.

Practices that Contribute to Good Karma
Karma- the totality of one's thoughs and actions, which determines ones fate in future lives.
You can get good karma by helping out. For example: giving donations to the monks from the sangha. That can bring you good karma.
Dana- a ceremony that takes place at the temple or in a private home, which involoves the donation of food, robes, medicines, and other necessities to the sangha.
Dana is another practice that gives good karma.

Festivals
 
Visakha Puja Day (Buddha Day)
 
This takes place on the full-moon day of May. It is believed that the birth, enlightenment, and the dealthe abbot receiving flowers from the new Phra Mahath of the Buddha all happend on this day. People bring flowers, lit candles, and incense sticks. While walking around the main hall three times they recite the Three Refuges.
 
 
Asalha Puja Day (Dhamma Day)
 
This takes place on the full-moon of July. During the day food is given to monks, nuns, and novies. At night food is given to the poor, observe the Five Precepts, and practise meditation.
 
 
 
Magha Puja Day (Sanhga Day)
 
This takes place in the full-After lunch the lay people offered gifts of soap, tooth paste, detergent, and other useful things to the monks.   moon of March. Food is offered to monks, and people engage in activities that bring them good karma.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Songkran
 
This event takes place in mid-April. During this time people clean their houses, wash their clothes, and sprinkle perfumed water on monks.
t098_Songkran

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Symbols
 
Mudras 
 
 These are hand gestures that are important Buddhist icons. They are used in meditation or seen on Buddha images. It is said that by looking at someones gestures you can generate a particular state of mind.
 
Stupa
 
 Are domed-shaped mounds that were built to house the relics of the Buddha or other holy figures. When making donvotions, monks and lay people walk around them at least three times. Paintings and carvings illustrating the life of the Buddha are inside the Stupa.
 
The Lotus Flower
 
The Buddha had a vision of the human race as a bed of lotus flowers. Some were bogged in the mud, some were emerging from it, and some were about to bloom.
 
Buddhapada
 
This is a stone carved figure of the Buddha's footprints.  They are revered in all Buddhist countries. All the toes of the Buddha are the same length.
 
 
 

World Religions; HRT3M; Summative ISU