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World Religions

Aboriginal Spirituality; Festivals/Holidays/Symbols

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Aboriginal Spirituality; Festivals/Holidays/Symbols
Aboriginal Spirituality; The Peacemaker
Aboriginal Spirituality; Beliefs
Aboriginal Spirituality; Place of Worship
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References

These are some practices, rituals, symbols, and festivals that the Aboriginal people took part in.

The Morning Dance- Takes place every spring by the Ojibwa of southern Ontario. It is also known as the Wabeno. All fast and cleanse themselves before, then a male elder plays a drum and leads the dance in a clearing around the selected tree. They dance deom sawn to noon. As each dancer passes the tree, the drummer signals the dancer to touch the trunk to give thanks. Around midday, a huge feast of meat and fish is served.
 
The Sun Dance- This is a summer festival that takes place in the Great Plains. It lasts a period of eight to sixteen days. The circle is an important symbol and acknowledges and respects the sun as the giver of life. Participants dance for a long time around a central cottonwood pole, or "tree of the universe". Dancers embed sharp wooden hooks deep into their chest, then connect the skewers to leather thongs that trail from the top of the cottonwood pole.As they dance around, they pull back on the thongs and tear their flesh. They preform this ritual because they believe that the bosy is the only thing they control and can offer as a sacrifice to the Creator. During the Sun Dance, prayers are said for all peoples and vows are made to the Great Spirit.

The Potlatch Ceremony- Takes place in the Northwest Pacific Coast nations. Things included in the ceremony are feasting, distributing wealth, and sharing songs, and dances. The host gives a feast to celebrate an important event ( marriages, the naming of an heir, or to atone for humiliation). Songs and dances are performed to honour the Great Spirit.
 
The Sweat Lodge- Is in the Great Plains nations, to renew the soul and helps to regain focus. The sweat lodges cleanses both the physical and spiritual body. The direction by a shaman (a medicine man and spiritual leader) makes a sauna-like construction. The sweat lodge is a done made of saplings. A covering of animal skins, cedar, or a tarpaulin make it dark and airtight. In the centre of the interior are heated stones where water is sprinkled on them. Prayers and a sacred pipe are shared.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Shaking Tent- This ritual is used by Aboriginal groups from the subarctic to the Great Lakes region. It represents the beliefs and values of some Aboriginal people about the supernatural world and its close relationship to the living. Four to eight poles are placed deep in the soil to form a circle about a meter in dismeter. A wooden hoop encircles the poles at the top and sometimes at the bottom. The cylindrical shape, left open to allow the spirits to enter. The ceremony is always at night.

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The Tree of Peace
 
This tree connects the Earth to Heaven. This tree is an important symbol in rituals and ceremony's.
The Peacemaker said that when they gather by the Great Tree, they "...shall offer thanks to the earth... to the streams of waters... to the maize and the fruits, to the medicinal herbs and trees, to the animals that serve as food and give their pelts for clothing... to the messengers of the Creator who reveal his wishes and to the Great Creator... ruler of health and life."
 

World Religions; HRT3M; Summative ISU